Although Madrid is not particularly well known for its viticulture, winemaking dates back to at least the 8th Century, and may well have been introduced by the Romans. Viticulture continued through Moorish rule and Christians continued the vine-growing tradition, with monks constituting the major wine producers in the region for many years. Madrid's wines experienced a golden era after Felipe II made the city the capital of the Kingdom of Castile.
Phylloxera, like in many other regions in Europe hit Madrid's vines in 1914 and consequently, bulk wines became the mainstay of the region's until the crisis of the 1970s, that forced Madrid into a period of modernization and investment that drove a move to produce higher-quality bottled wines. This shift rewarded when the region obtained DO status. The DO covers 54 municipalities and is divided into the three sub-zones (Arganda, Navalcarnero, and San Martín), each of which produce different types of wine.
The authorized Red grapes are Garnacha, Tempranillo as well as Cabernet Sauvignon, Graciano, Merlot, Petit Verdot, and Syrah.